Report text

Definition of Report text
“Report is a text which presents information about something, as it is. It is as a result of systematic observation and analyses.” (Report adalah sebuah teks yang menghadirkan informasi tentang suatu hal secara apa adanya. Teks ini adalah sebagai hasil dari observasi dan analisa secara sistematis.)

Generic Structure of Report text
# General Clasification ; Stating classification of general aspect of thing; animal, public place, plant, etc which will be discussed in general (Menyatakan klasifikasi aspek umum hal; hewan, tempat umum, tanaman, dll yang akan dibahas secara umum).
# Description : tells what the phenomenon under discussion ; in terms of parts, qualities, habits or behaviors. (Pada bagian ini biasanya memberikan gambaran fenomena-fenomena yang terjadi; baik bagian-bagiannya, sifat-sifatnya, kebiasaannya, ataupun tingkah lakunya. Intinya adalah penjabaran dari klasifikasi yang disajikan dengan ilmiah.)

Purpose of Report text 
Its social purpose is presenting information about something. They generally describe an entire class of things, whether natural or made: mammals, the planets, rocks, plants, countries of region, culture, transportation, and so on.

The Characteristics / Language Feature of Report text:
– Use of general nouns, eg hunting dogs, rather than particular nouns, eg our dog;
– Use of relating verbs to describe features, eg Molecules are tiny particles;
– Some use of action verbs when describing behaviour, eg Emus cannot fly;
– Use of timeless present tense to indicate usualness, eg Tropical cyclones always begin over the sea;
– Use of technical terms, eg Isobars are lines drawn on a weather map;
– Use of paragraphs with topic sentences to organise bundles of information; repeated naming of the topic as the beginning focus of the clause.

Keterangan :
– General nouns, maksudnya adalah, suatu benda (baik itu hidup atau mati) yang bersifat umum. Coba bandingkan : Hunting dogs >< My dog. Hunting dogs bersifat umum; sedangkan my dog bersifat khusus. – Relating verbs, dalam grammar disebut juga dengan linking verbs. Seperti to be [is, am, are: present], seem, look, taste dan lain sebagainya. – Timeless present tense adalah salah satu penanda waktu dalam simple present seperti “often, usually, always” dan lain-lain. – Technical terms, maksudnya adalah istilah-istilah yang meliputi teks report tersebut. Misalnya tentang “music” maka, istilah-istilah musik harus ada. Read the text below, and see the translation.
Thanksgiving Day
Thanksgiving or Thanksgiving Day is a celebration of harvest, thankfulness for peace, and the attempt of Native Americans. It is usually celebrated in late autumn. (Thanksgiving atau Hari Thanksgiving adalah perayaan panen, syukur untuk perdamaian, dan upaya penduduk asli Amerika. Hal ini biasanya dirayakan di akhir musim gugur)

In the past, Thanksgiving was celebrated for their rich harvest in New England. In North America, however, it was originally held to thank God for their survival in the new land which was not easy for them. However, in Canada, it had been celebrated as in New England. Thanksgiving now is celebrated in United States of America and in Canada. Thanksgiving festivals are held every fourth Thursday of November in the U.S and on the second Monday of October in Canada. It is usually celebrated in four to five days in the North America and for three days in Canada.
(Di masa lalu, Thanksgiving dirayakan untuk panen kaya mereka di New England. Namun di Amerika Utara, pada awalnya diadakan untuk bersyukur kepada Tuhan untuk kelangsungan hidup mereka di tanah baru yang tidak mudah bagi mereka. Namun, di Kanada, itu telah dirayakan sebagaimana di New England. Thanksgiving sekarang dirayakan di Amerika Serikat dan di Kanada. Festival Thanksgiving diadakan setiap Kamis keempat bulan November di Amerika Serikat dan pada hari Senin kedua bulan Oktober di Kanada. Hal ini biasanya dirayakan dalam empat sampai lima hari di Amerika Utara dan selama tiga hari di Kanada.)

It is celebrated through families and friends gathering to eat and give good luck. Turkey is the main dish in the thanksgiving dinner. Thanksgiving parades are also usually held. In Thanksgiving homes are decorated with wreaths, fresh and dried flowers. Lamps are lighted to brighten the environment. Tables are decorated with best china and antique silver dishes to mark the occasion.
(Hal ini dirayakan seluruh keluarga dan teman-teman yang berkumpul untuk makan dan memberikan keberuntungan. Ayam jago adalah hidangan utama di makan malam Thanksgiving. Parade Thanksgiving juga biasanya diadakan. Dalam Thanksgiving rumah yang dihiasi dengan karangan bunga, bunga segar dan kering. Lampu dinyalakan untuk mencerahkan lingkungan. Tabel dihiasi dengan piring perak antik dan yang terbaik dari China untuk menandai peristiwa.)

Legend of momotaro

Once upon a time, there lived in Japan a peasant and his wife. They were sad couple because they had no children. They kept praying to their god pleading to give them a child.

While cutting wood by a stream one day, the man saw a large peach floating on the water. He ran to pick it up. His wife was excited because she had never seen such a large peach before. They were about to cut the peach when they heard a voice from inside.

The couples were surprised to do anything. The peach then cracked open, and there was a beautiful baby inside. The couples were very happy, of course. They named the baby Momotaro, which meant ‘peach boy’.

Momotaro grew up to be clever, courage young man.  His parents loved him very much.

One day, Momotaro told his parents hat he was going to fight the pirates who always attacked their village. These pirates lived on an island a few kilometers away. Momotaro’s mother packed his food, and his father gave him a sword. Having blessed Momotaro, they sent him off on his journey.

Sailing on his boat, Momotaro met an eagle going in the same direction. They became good friends; soon, both of them arrived on the island of the pirates.

Momotaro drew out the sacred sword his father had given him and began to fight the pirates. The eagle flew over the thieves’ heads, pecking at their eyes. Finally, the pirates were defeated.

Momotaro brought home all the goods that pirates had stolen. His parents were proud of him, and they were overjoyed at his victory and save return.

1. The generic structure of the text is… .

a)identification – description

b)orientation – events – reorientation

c)orientation – complication – resolution

d)thesis – arguments – reiteration

e)abstract – orientation – crisis – incident – coda

2. Who is the main character in the story?

a)the lucky peasant

b)the blessed child

c)the defeated pirates

d)the pleasant wife

e)Momotaro, the peach boy

3. “Having blessed Momotaro, they sent him off on his journey.” (paragraph 5) From the sentence we know that Momotaro’s parents …. Him to fight the pirates.






4.When the peasant and his wife saw a beautiful baby  boy inside the large peach, they ….. and named him Momotaro.

a)felt annoyed

b)were anxious.

c)seemed afraidd)were very glad. e)looked surprised.

5. What do we learn from the story?

a)We should do our best. b)Momotaro is a brave man. c)There is no gain without pain. d)Happiness will find you if you try. e)The peasant and his wife are good persons

How is debating important for fluent English Speaking?

Let us know more about how Debating has taken over the world and how it is important for Fluent English Speaking.

Why debate?

The phrase “The world is a global village” is quite true because of the vast improvement in the communication network and the geographical borders having thinned down with businesses going global. Hence, this has made English Speaking one of the important aspects that are required to be competitive.

So, if someone wants to improve their English Speaking skills, along with the add-on benefit of gaining knowledge by learning various dimensions on a subject, debating is the right tool to embrace.


Debate = De + Bate

It would be creative to think that the word Debate could have come from two words “De” and “Bate” – Bate means angry in mood and De means negating – Debate should be something that negates an angry mood.

Also, one might wonder how a discussion that has the possibility of triggering anger could actually bring it down.

Hence, To answer that plain, debating is not about being argumentative as it is deemed to be understood. But a forum to discuss in a formal manner what one’s view is, on a subject. And, this free expression of views limiting to a laid set of rules is an enjoyable activity even if it involves engaging in a verbal challenge. So, thereby negating any emotions.

Benefits of debating

The expression that practice makes a person perfect is absolutely true when it comes to developing any art.

The art of practicing and communicating with someone in a debate and implementing changes through observation helps improve English Speaking fluency:

  • Components of speech improved through practice of debating:
      • Vocabulary: Debates help learn more on a subject, improves listening skills and communication skills. Listening and communication skills, in turn, develop the vocabulary.
      • Framing – Usage of words and structuring of statements (articulacy) wins over any audience you encounter.
      • Intonation/rhythm of speech– This improves with the observation of self and the person who competes.
      • Accent – One has to make constant efforts to work on developing an accent which is neutral so that he/she is well understood.
  • Extempore & Presentation

The current competitive lifestyle has become such that irrespective of age, we are under the pressure of making an extemporaneous speech in English. See (Ex., Group discussion in an interview, presentation to an onshore visitor or investor at the workplace, etc.).

In addition, it is to be noted that the fear associated with English Speaking in public could be well taken care of. Especially,  once a person participates in a debate with an open mind.

Debate – Then & Now

From our very own sage, Adisankara making refinements to the religious structure by conducting debates to convince people who were adamant about changes, to the current popular TV shows that debate on up-to-date happenings with the audience as speakers. So,  it is not just the content and the style that matters but the linguistic skills that play an important role in making our point clear. So, let alone winning a situation.

Don’t debate over debate!!

So, Debating is such a simple tool that to experience it you just have to start it at home. Exactly,  like how charity begins!! Don’t debate over debate being the best and inexpensive tool for English Speaking.Just adopt and see the benefits for yourself. It could be the most empowering thing that someone could ask for.

Obligation dan necessary

Contoh Kalimat Expressing Obligation (keharusan) and Necessary (Keperluan)

Berikut adalah beberapa frase dan contoh kalimat yang bisa digunakan untuk mengungkapkan atau mengekspresikanobligation (keharusan) dan necessary(keperluan).

  1. Obligation (Keharusan)
  1. Menggunakan Adjectives: Obligatory, Compulsory, Needless, Unnecessary

Contoh Kalimat:

It is obligatory for the people to participate in education.

(Artinya: Suatu keharusan bagi orang-orang untuk berpartisipasi dalam pendidikan)

Entering elementary school is compulsory in Indonesia.

(Artinya: Masuk Sekolah Dasar merupakan keharusan di Negara Indonesia)

That’s a needless thing to speak with him.

(Artinya: Taka da gunanya berbicara dengan dia)

It’s unnecessary to sit under the tree for hours.

(Artinya: Tidak perlu duduk di bawah pohon selama berjam-jam)


  1. Menggunakan Nouns: Obligation, Compulsion, Need, Necessity

Contoh Kalimat:

There’s a legal obligation to enter the army.

(Artinya: Ada keharusan resmi untuk masuk Angkatan Bersenjata)

It’s compulsion to obey your parents.

(Artinya: Merupakan keharusan untuk mematuhi orang tuamu)

It’s a need for everybody to eat nutritious food.

(Artinya: Perlu bagi setiap orang untuk makan makanan yang bergizi)

Is it necessity for man and woman to sit apart?

(Artinya: Apakah perlu bagi laki-laki dan wanita untuk duduk berpisah?)

  1. Menggunakan Verbs: Oblige

Contoh Kalimat:

My father obliged me to study every night.

(Artinya: Ayah saya mewajibkanku untuk belajat setiap malam)

  1. Menggunakan Modal Auxiliaries: Must, Have to, Ought to, Should

Contoh Kalimat:

You must obey your parents.

(Artinya: Kamu harus mematuhi kedua orang tuamu)

Every Muslim must pray five times a day.

(Artinya: Setiap umat Islam harus sholat lima kali sehari)

have to go now.

(Artinya: Saya harus pergi sekarang)

You ought to repair my watch.

(Artinya: Kamu harus memperbaiki jamku)

Those shoes should be repaired.

(Artinya: Sepatu itu seharusnya diperbaiki)

ought to wake up early.

(Artinya: Saya harus bangun pagi)



Kata “must” memiliki arti yang sangat kuat (strong). Penggunaan kata “must” ini memiliki makna lebih cenderung pada suatu keharusan yang sudah menjadi kewajiban untuk dilakukan.

  1. Necessary (Keperluan)

Contoh Kalimat:

I think it’s not your necessity to follow the party.

(Artinya: Saya rasa ini bukanlah keperluanmu untuk mengikuti pesta tersebut)

To sleep at noon is being my necessity.

(Artinya: Untuk tidur di siang hari sudah menjadi keperluanku)


Untuk informasi selengkapnya, silahkan baca juga artikel kami mengenai Expressing Necessity Menggunakan “Must, Have to, dan Have Got to”.

Semoga artikel ini bisa dipahami dan membantu untuk belajar bahasa inggris, jika bermanfaat mohon di share. Mohon maaf jika ada kesalahan dalam pengetikan. Dan untuk segala jenis pertanyaan, saran, dan kritik bisa dicantumkan pada kolom komentar. Terima kasih

Narative text

Basically, legend is a a kind of genre folkiore that consists of a narrative featuring human action
perceived or believed, both by teller and listeners to have taken place within human history. Indonesia has many legend stories. They are included into narrative text. Narrative text has social function they are to amuse, to entertain, and to show moral values indirectly. The generic structures which construct narrative text are orientation, complication and resolution.
1. Orientation
The introduction part which consist of what is in the text in general.
2. Complication
Their part which explores the conflict among the characters. This part contains the essenti
sontent of a narrative text.
3. Resolution
The part when the conflict tends to be decreased and ended. This part is when is the ccharacters get the solution of their conflicts. Then finally the conflict ended as the story ends.
There, are many legends or folklore come fom Indonesia such as the Legendof cindelaras, Legend of Malin Kundang, Kyai Jegod, The story of Toba Lake, The Legend of Lake Batur, TIh
Legend of Mount Wayang. The Legend of Telaga Biru and etc.

Wallahu alam


The Legend of Si Pahit Lidah
        Once upon a time,there lived a mighty young man named Serunting in Semidang, South sumatra. He was very powerful due to the fact that he was the son of a powerful giant and a princess, Princess Tenggang. Serunting had a brother-in-law named Arya Tebing, Arya Tebing’s sister was Serunting’s wife.

The two young men quarreled becouse of Serunting’s jealousy over Arya Tebing. Each of them had rice paddies, side-by-side, separated by a decayed fallen tree. On this tree, some mushroom grew. The ones that grow overlooking Arya Tebing’s rice paddy turned into gold, while those that grew overlooking Seruntin’s turned into useless thatch grass. This made Serunting envious. No matter how hard he tried to move the tree, the mushroom overlooking Arya Tebing’s rice paddy remained gold.
        Eventually, a violent fight broke out between them. Knowing that Serunting was mightier than him, Arya Tebing gave up fighting. He persuaded his sister to find out Serunting’s waekness. She told Arya that Serunting concealed his soul in the highest thatch grass, which remained unshaken even mhen the wind blew on it.
         The next day, both young men resumed their fight. Having learned the secret, Arya Tebing pierced the thatch grass with his spear. Serunting fell and his leg was badly injured. Serunting knew that his wife had betrayed him so he left angrily. He haeded to Mount Siguntang and asked the god of Mahameru for mighty powers. The god told him to sit and meditate under a bamboo tree until his body was copletely covered by the bamboo laeves. Serunting did that for two years and succeeded in getting the mighty powers. Whatever words he spoke would turn into curse immadiately. From then on, people called him “Si Pahit Lidah” (the bitter tongue). Woe to him who dared oppose Serunting. Everybody feared him becouse everyone who opposed Serunting was turned to stone by his curse.
      Si Pahit Lidah, however, was not convinced yet of his power. To make sure that he really had magic power, he pronounced a curse on mellowy sugar-cane growing on the bank of lake Ranau.
      Be stone! He said, and look! Everything turned to dry uneatable stalks! Then being sure of his power he wanted to wander at first to his native village to take revenge on everybody who had
crossed his way. Everyone along he came across he turned to stone.
Everywhere along the Jambi River people can point out the spots where Si Pahit Lidah spoke his deadly curse. It stands to reason that he was the fear of everyone. There was not much needed to make him angry and the result were fatal for the person, for the victims turned to stone. A girl who, just for a joke, answered his question about the way to her village with ‘Under your feet, underwent the same fate. Little had she expected she had spoken her death sectence. People found her like a cold image with her gold chain on her neck, her rings on her finger and her bracelets around her wrists, but everything was stone.

1. What made Serunting became a mighty man?
2. What was the quarrel between Serunting and Arya Tebing about?
3. How did Arya Tebing defeat Serunting?
4. How did Serunting feel when he lost the fight?
5. When did Serunting get the power from the God of Mahameru?


1. Because he was endowed with supranatural powers

2. The cause of the quarrel was in fact jealousy about mushrooms growing on the bark of the fallen tree. Mushrooms facing Aria Tebing’s rice-feld became only useless plants.
3. Took up the fight egain and pierced the high grass plant with his spear.
4. He brooded on revenge
5. After being spat at and after having remained under a cluster of bamboo trees without taking either food or drink till the leaves of the bamboo had covered him.


The Legend of Malin Kundang
A long time ago, in a small village near the beach in West Sumatra lived a woman and her son named, Malin Kundang. Malin Kundang and his mother had to live hard, because his father had passed away when he was a baby. Malin Kundang was a healthy, dilligent, and strong boy.
He usually went to sea to catch fish. After getting fish he would bring it to his mother, or sell the caught fish in the town.

     One day, when Malin Kundang was sailing, he saw a merchant’s ship being raided by a band of pirates. With his bravery, Malin Kundang helped the merchant defeat the pirates. To thank him,t he merchant allowed Malin Kundang to sail with him. Malin Kundang agreed in the hope to get a better life. He left his mother alone.

      Many years later, Malin Kundang became wealthy. He had a huge ship and a lot of crews who worked loading trading goods. He was also married to a beautiful woman. When he was sailing on his trading journey, his ship landed on a coast near a small village. The local people recognized that it was Malin Kundang, a boy from the area. The news ran fast in the town; “Malin Kundang has become rich and now he is here.

      An old woman, who was Malin Kundang’s mother, ran to the beach to meet the new rich merchant. She wanted to hug him to release her sadness of being lonely after a long time. When his mother came near him, Malin Kundang who was with his beautiful wife and his ship crews denied that she was his mother She had pleaded Malin Kundang to look at her and admit that she was her mother. But he kept refusing to do it and yelling at her. At last Malin Kundang said to her
Enough, old woman! I have never had a mother like you, a dirty and ugly woman!” After that he ordered his crews to set sail to leave the old woman who was then full of sadness and anger.

      Finally feeling enraged, she cursed Malin Kundang that he would turn into a stone if he didn’t apologize to her. Malin Kundang just laughed and set sail. Suddenly a thunderstorm came in the quiet sea, wrecking his huge ship. He was thrown out to a small island. It was really too late for him to avoid his curse; he had turned into a stone.

Task 3

1. Why did Malin Kundang and his mother have to live hard?
Answer: Malin Kundang and his mother had to live hard because his father had passed away when he was a baby

2. What happened many years after Malin Kundang join the sail?
Answer: Many years later, Malin Kundang became wealthy He had a huge ship and a lot of crews who worked loading
trading goods. He was also married to a beautiful woman.

3. Why did an old woman feel happy to see a ship leaned on in the beach?
Answer: An old woman, who was Malin Kundang’s mother, ran to the beach to meet the new rich merchant. She wanted
to hug him to release her sadness of being lonely after a long time.

Task 4
Read the following sentences aloud and find a the indonesian meanings!

1. A band of pirates (Sekelompok perompak)

2. A beautiful woman (Seorang wanita cantik)

3. A huge ship (Sebuah kapal besar)

4. Long time ago (Dahulu kala)

5 small village(Sebuah desa kecil)

6 Athunderstorm(Sebuah badai petir)

7 An old woman(Seorang wanita tua)

8.Passed away(Meninggal dunia)

9. The beach(Pantai)

10. The new rich merchant (Saudagar kaya baru)



task 5

1 apologize=pologiz regret for something bad that one has done; acknowledge faults and

2. Beach= An area of sand sloping down to the water of a sea or lake.

3. Plead= Appeal or request earnestiy

4. Crew= The men and women who man a vehicle (ship, aircraft, etc.)

5. Merchant=  A business person engaged in retail trade.

6. Pirate= Someone who robs at sea or plunders the land from the sea without having a commission from any sovereign nation.

7. Sadness= Emotions experienced when not in a state of wellbeing.

8. Sailing= The work of a sailor.

9. Town = An urban area with a fixed boundary that is smaller than a city

10. Village= A community of people smaller than a town

Narrative Text : Definition, Purposes, Generic Structures, Language Features

Narrative adalah cerita khayal yang bertujuan menghibur pembaca. Tentu yang namanya cerita khayal itu ya belum tentu keberannya karena bisa jadi itu hanyalah imaginasi atau cerita fiktif yang dibuat oleh seseorang atau cerita buatan sekelompok masyarakat yang tida terbukti kebenarannya. Contoh narrative yaitu, Cinderella, Sangkurian, Snow White, Rabbit and Crocodile, dsb. Untuk penjelasan lebih rinci silahkan baca penjelasan berikut

Definition of Narrative Text
A narrative text is an imaginative story to entertain people (teks narasi adalah cerita imaginatif yang bertujuan menghibur orang).

Generic Structure of Narrative Text
# Orientation : It is about the opening paragraph where the characters of the story are introduced.(berisi pengenalan tokoh, tempat dan waktu terjadinya cerita (siapa atau apa, kapan dan dimana)
# Complication : Where the problems in the story developed. (Permasalahan muncul / mulai terjadi dan berkembang)
# Resolution : Where the problems in the story is solved. Masalah selesai, secara baik “happy ending” ataupun buruk “bad ending”.
# Coda / reorientation (optional) – lesson from the story

Kadangkala susunan (generic structure) narrative text bisa berisi: Orientation, Complication, Evaluation, Resolution dan Reorientation. Meski “Evaluation” dan “Reorientation” merupakan optional; bisa ditambahkan dan bisa tidak. Evaluation berisi penilaian/evaluasi terhadap jalannya cerita atau konflik. Sedangkan Reorientation berisi penyimpulan isi akhir cerita.

The Characteristics / Language Feature of Narrative Text:
– Past tense (killed, drunk, etc)
– Adverb of time (Once upun a time, one day, etc)
– Time conjunction (when, then, suddenly, etc)
– Specific character. The character of the story is specific, not general. (Cinderella, Snow White, Alibaba, etc)
– Action verbs. A verb that shows an action. (killed, dug, walked, etc)
– Direct speech. It is to make the story lively. (Snow White said,”My name is Snow White). The direct speech uses present tense.

Read text carefully and see the translation
Once upon time, there was a beautiful girl called Cinderella. She lived with her stepsisters and stepmother. They were very bossy. She had to do all the housework.
One day an invitation to the ball came to the family. Her stepsisters did not let her go, so Cinderella was very sad. The stepsisters went to the ball without her.
Fortunately, the good fairly came and helped her to get to the ball. At the ball, Cinderella danced with the prince. The prince felt in love with her then he married her. They live happily ever after.

(Dahulu kala, ada seorang gadis cantik bernama Cinderella. Dia tinggal bersama saudara tiri dan ibu tiri nya. Mereka sangat suka memerintah. Dia harus melakukan semua pekerjaan rumah tangga.
Suatu hari sebuah undangan untuk sebuah pesta datang ke keluarga itu. Saudara tiri nya tidak membiarkan dia pergi, sehingga Cinderella sangat sedih. Saudara tiri pergi ke pesta itu tanpa dia.
Untungnya, peri yang baik datang dan membantunya untuk sampai ke pesta itu. Pada pesta itu, Cinderella berdansa dengan pangeran. Pangeran jatuh cinta padanya kemudian ia menikahinya. Mereka hidup bahagia selamanya.)

Catatan :
Ball : diartikan pesta bukan bola.

Tugas :
1. Analisa generic structure dari text yang berjudul Cinderella diatas !
2. Apa moral value (nilai moral) yang dapat diambil dari text diatas?

Contoh Text Narative lagi
Snow White
Once upon a time there lived a little girl named Snow White. She lived with her Aunt and Uncle because her parents were dead. (Orientation)
One day she heard her Uncle and Aunt talking about leaving Snow White in the castle because they both wanted to go to America and they didn’t have enough money to take Snow White. (Major Complication)
Snow White did not want her Uncle and Aunt to do this so she decided it would be best if she ran away. The next morning she ran away from home when her Aunt and Uncle were having breakfast. She ran away into the woods. (Resolution)
She was very tired and hungry. (Complication)
Then she saw this little cottage. She knocked but no one answered so she went inside and fell asleep. (Resolution)
Meanwhile, the seven dwarfs were coming home from work. They went inside. There they found Snow White sleeping. Then Snow White woke up. She saw the dwarfs. The dwarfs said, what is your name? Snow White said, ‘My name is Snow White’. (Complication)
Doc said, ‘If you wish, you may live here with us”. Snow White said, ‘Oh could I? Thank you.’ Then Snow White told the dwarfs the whole story and Snow White and the 7 dwarfs lived happily ever after. (Major Resolution)

Task :
Translate the text above into Indonesian !

Itulah gambaran tentang Narrative text. Semoga bermanfaat

Recount text

bahasa Indonesia atau konteks tulisan Dalam bahasa Indonesia atau konteks tulisan berbahasa indonesia, jenis teks recount ini bisa di setarakan dengan catatan pribadi seperti misalnya catatan harian atau catatan observasi yang fungsinya lebih sebagai pengingat.

Ciri-Ciri Recount Text
Terdapat 4 ciri-ciri recount text yaitu:

Menggunakan kalimat past tense karena menceritakan suatu kejadian yang sudah terjadi.
Menggunakan conjunction dan time connectives seperti before, after, then, when dan first untuk merangkai satu kejadian dan kejadian lainnya.
Menggunakan action verbs seperti visit, walk, eat dan go.
Menggunakan adverbs and adverbial phrase.
Macam-Macam Recount Text
Secara umum terdapat 4 macam jenis recount text yaitu:

1. Personal Recount Text
Personal recount text adalah jenis recount text yang menceritakan pengalaman pribadi si penulis seperti pengalaman liburan, pengalaman di sekolah atau bahkan pengalaman tak terlupakan yang membuat kita terus mengingat kejadian tersebut.

2. Imaginative Recount Text
Imaginative recount text adalah jenis recount text yang menceritakan imaginasi penulis tentang suatu hal dan dituliskan dalam bentuk past tense. Pada pembahasan di bawah, kami memberikan contoh imaginative recount text dengan judul spiderman. Silahkan dibaca untuk lebih memahaminya.

3. Factual Recount Text
Factual recount text adalah jenis recount text yang membahas tentang suatu hal yang benar-benar terjadi (fakta) di masa lampau. Dibawah, kami memberikan contoh factual recount tentang titanic.

4. Historical Recount Text
Historical recount text merupakan jenis recount text yang membahas tentang sejarah baik itu tempat bersejarah maupun benda bersejarah. historical recount text dengan judul borobudur kami tulis untuk memudahkan kamu dalam memahami historical recount text.

Struktur Recount Text
Terdapat 3 unsur struktur recount text, yaitu:

1. Orientation (Pembuka)
Orientation berisi awalan cerita. Bagian ini biasanya menjelaskan tentang latar cerita seperti tempat dan waktu kejadian.

2. Event (Isi)
Event berisi inti cerita dari recount text. Bagian ini menjelaskan kejadian secara berurutan dari kejadian A ke kejadin B.

3. Reorientation (Kesimpulan atau Penutup Teks)
Reorientation berisi pengulangan dan penutup jalannya cerita.

Nah untuk lebih jelasnya, langsung saja kita simak contoh-contoh berikut ini yuk!

Dengan membaca 23 contoh dengan berbagai tema ini, tentu kamu sudah bisa langsung paham tentang recount text beserta seluk beluk penulisannya.

Contoh Recount Text Pendek – Tiket Bioskop
contoh recount text pendek – tiket bioskop

Last week I went to the theatre. It was the only theatre at my town.

I had 1 free ticket to watch a movie.

I had no idea about the movie I would like to watch and I did not know the schedule of that theatre. So that, I just wanted to come and see if there was any good movie.

I parked my motorcycle at the parking area and I walked slowly at the hall of the theatre.

I took my ticket on my wallet and go to the information section to ask about how to use the ticket that day.

Unfortunately, I missed it. The ticket was already expired 2 days before.

I went home and I was very disappointed about that.

# # # # #

Terjemahan Bahasa Indonesia (Arti) Contoh Recount Text Pendek – Tiket Bioskop
Orientasi (Pembuka)
Minggu lalu aku pergi ke bioskop. Bioskop itu merupakan satu-satunya bioskop yang ada di kotaku.

Aku memiliki satu tiket gratis untuk menonton satu judul film.

Aku tidak tahu film apa yang akan aku tonton dan aku sama sekali tidak tahu jadwal film yang akan ditayangkan di bioskop itu. Maka dari itulah, aku hanya ingin datang saja dan melihat-lihat jikalau ada film yang bagus.

Event (Isi)
Aku memarkir motorku di area parkir lalu berjalan perlahan di hall bioskop itu.

Aku keluarkan tiketku dari dalam dompet lalu pergi menuju ke bagian informasi untuk menanyakan penggunaan tiket tersebut.

Sayang sekali, aku melewatkan kesempatan tersebut. Tiketku telah hangus sejak dua hari sebelumnya.

Reorientasi (Kesimpulan)
Aku pulang ke rumah dan sangat kecewa dengan kejadian itu.

# # # # #



Contoh recount text of history

General Offensive of 1 March 1949
The Dutch launched a military offensive on 19 December 1948 which it termed Operation Crow.
By the following day it had conquered the city of Yogyakarta, the location of the temporary Republican capital. By the end of December, all major Republican held cities in Java and Sumatra were in Dutch hands.
The Republican President, Vice-President, and all but six Republic of Indonesia ministers were captured by Dutch troops and exiled on Bangka Island off the east coast of Sumatra.
In areas surrounding Yogyakarta and Surakarta, Republican forces refused to surrender and continued to wage a guerrilla war under the leadership of Republican military chief of staff General Sudirman who had escaped the Dutch offensives. An emergency Republican government, was established in West Sumatra.
On March 1, 1949 at 6 am, Republican forces launched March 1 General Offensive. The Offensive caught the Dutch by surprise. For his part, Hamengkubuwono IX allowed his palace to be used as a hide out for the troops. For 6 hours, the Indonesian troops had control of Yogyakarta before finally retreating.
The Offensive was a moral and diplomatic success, inspiring demoralised troops all around Indonesia, as well as proving to the United Nations that the Indonesian army still existed and were capable of fighting. On the other hand, the offensive had demoralized the Dutch forces, because they never thought that Indonesian forces could assault and control the city, even for a few hours.