How is debating important for fluent English Speaking?

Let us know more about how Debating has taken over the world and how it is important for Fluent English Speaking.

Why debate?

The phrase “The world is a global village” is quite true because of the vast improvement in the communication network and the geographical borders having thinned down with businesses going global. Hence, this has made English Speaking one of the important aspects that are required to be competitive.

So, if someone wants to improve their English Speaking skills, along with the add-on benefit of gaining knowledge by learning various dimensions on a subject, debating is the right tool to embrace.


Debate = De + Bate

It would be creative to think that the word Debate could have come from two words “De” and “Bate” – Bate means angry in mood and De means negating – Debate should be something that negates an angry mood.

Also, one might wonder how a discussion that has the possibility of triggering anger could actually bring it down.

Hence, To answer that plain, debating is not about being argumentative as it is deemed to be understood. But a forum to discuss in a formal manner what one’s view is, on a subject. And, this free expression of views limiting to a laid set of rules is an enjoyable activity even if it involves engaging in a verbal challenge. So, thereby negating any emotions.

Benefits of debating

The expression that practice makes a person perfect is absolutely true when it comes to developing any art.

The art of practicing and communicating with someone in a debate and implementing changes through observation helps improve English Speaking fluency:

  • Components of speech improved through practice of debating:
      • Vocabulary: Debates help learn more on a subject, improves listening skills and communication skills. Listening and communication skills, in turn, develop the vocabulary.
      • Framing – Usage of words and structuring of statements (articulacy) wins over any audience you encounter.
      • Intonation/rhythm of speech– This improves with the observation of self and the person who competes.
      • Accent – One has to make constant efforts to work on developing an accent which is neutral so that he/she is well understood.
  • Extempore & Presentation

The current competitive lifestyle has become such that irrespective of age, we are under the pressure of making an extemporaneous speech in English. See (Ex., Group discussion in an interview, presentation to an onshore visitor or investor at the workplace, etc.).

In addition, it is to be noted that the fear associated with English Speaking in public could be well taken care of. Especially,  once a person participates in a debate with an open mind.

Debate – Then & Now

From our very own sage, Adisankara making refinements to the religious structure by conducting debates to convince people who were adamant about changes, to the current popular TV shows that debate on up-to-date happenings with the audience as speakers. So,  it is not just the content and the style that matters but the linguistic skills that play an important role in making our point clear. So, let alone winning a situation.

Don’t debate over debate!!

So, Debating is such a simple tool that to experience it you just have to start it at home. Exactly,  like how charity begins!! Don’t debate over debate being the best and inexpensive tool for English Speaking.Just adopt and see the benefits for yourself. It could be the most empowering thing that someone could ask for.

Obligation dan necessary

Contoh Kalimat Expressing Obligation (keharusan) and Necessary (Keperluan)

Berikut adalah beberapa frase dan contoh kalimat yang bisa digunakan untuk mengungkapkan atau mengekspresikanobligation (keharusan) dan necessary(keperluan).

  1. Obligation (Keharusan)
  1. Menggunakan Adjectives: Obligatory, Compulsory, Needless, Unnecessary

Contoh Kalimat:

It is obligatory for the people to participate in education.

(Artinya: Suatu keharusan bagi orang-orang untuk berpartisipasi dalam pendidikan)

Entering elementary school is compulsory in Indonesia.

(Artinya: Masuk Sekolah Dasar merupakan keharusan di Negara Indonesia)

That’s a needless thing to speak with him.

(Artinya: Taka da gunanya berbicara dengan dia)

It’s unnecessary to sit under the tree for hours.

(Artinya: Tidak perlu duduk di bawah pohon selama berjam-jam)


  1. Menggunakan Nouns: Obligation, Compulsion, Need, Necessity

Contoh Kalimat:

There’s a legal obligation to enter the army.

(Artinya: Ada keharusan resmi untuk masuk Angkatan Bersenjata)

It’s compulsion to obey your parents.

(Artinya: Merupakan keharusan untuk mematuhi orang tuamu)

It’s a need for everybody to eat nutritious food.

(Artinya: Perlu bagi setiap orang untuk makan makanan yang bergizi)

Is it necessity for man and woman to sit apart?

(Artinya: Apakah perlu bagi laki-laki dan wanita untuk duduk berpisah?)

  1. Menggunakan Verbs: Oblige

Contoh Kalimat:

My father obliged me to study every night.

(Artinya: Ayah saya mewajibkanku untuk belajat setiap malam)

  1. Menggunakan Modal Auxiliaries: Must, Have to, Ought to, Should

Contoh Kalimat:

You must obey your parents.

(Artinya: Kamu harus mematuhi kedua orang tuamu)

Every Muslim must pray five times a day.

(Artinya: Setiap umat Islam harus sholat lima kali sehari)

have to go now.

(Artinya: Saya harus pergi sekarang)

You ought to repair my watch.

(Artinya: Kamu harus memperbaiki jamku)

Those shoes should be repaired.

(Artinya: Sepatu itu seharusnya diperbaiki)

ought to wake up early.

(Artinya: Saya harus bangun pagi)



Kata “must” memiliki arti yang sangat kuat (strong). Penggunaan kata “must” ini memiliki makna lebih cenderung pada suatu keharusan yang sudah menjadi kewajiban untuk dilakukan.

  1. Necessary (Keperluan)

Contoh Kalimat:

I think it’s not your necessity to follow the party.

(Artinya: Saya rasa ini bukanlah keperluanmu untuk mengikuti pesta tersebut)

To sleep at noon is being my necessity.

(Artinya: Untuk tidur di siang hari sudah menjadi keperluanku)


Untuk informasi selengkapnya, silahkan baca juga artikel kami mengenai Expressing Necessity Menggunakan “Must, Have to, dan Have Got to”.

Semoga artikel ini bisa dipahami dan membantu untuk belajar bahasa inggris, jika bermanfaat mohon di share. Mohon maaf jika ada kesalahan dalam pengetikan. Dan untuk segala jenis pertanyaan, saran, dan kritik bisa dicantumkan pada kolom komentar. Terima kasih

Narative text

Basically, legend is a a kind of genre folkiore that consists of a narrative featuring human action
perceived or believed, both by teller and listeners to have taken place within human history. Indonesia has many legend stories. They are included into narrative text. Narrative text has social function they are to amuse, to entertain, and to show moral values indirectly. The generic structures which construct narrative text are orientation, complication and resolution.
1. Orientation
The introduction part which consist of what is in the text in general.
2. Complication
Their part which explores the conflict among the characters. This part contains the essenti
sontent of a narrative text.
3. Resolution
The part when the conflict tends to be decreased and ended. This part is when is the ccharacters get the solution of their conflicts. Then finally the conflict ended as the story ends.
There, are many legends or folklore come fom Indonesia such as the Legendof cindelaras, Legend of Malin Kundang, Kyai Jegod, The story of Toba Lake, The Legend of Lake Batur, TIh
Legend of Mount Wayang. The Legend of Telaga Biru and etc.

Wallahu alam


The Legend of Si Pahit Lidah
        Once upon a time,there lived a mighty young man named Serunting in Semidang, South sumatra. He was very powerful due to the fact that he was the son of a powerful giant and a princess, Princess Tenggang. Serunting had a brother-in-law named Arya Tebing, Arya Tebing’s sister was Serunting’s wife.

The two young men quarreled becouse of Serunting’s jealousy over Arya Tebing. Each of them had rice paddies, side-by-side, separated by a decayed fallen tree. On this tree, some mushroom grew. The ones that grow overlooking Arya Tebing’s rice paddy turned into gold, while those that grew overlooking Seruntin’s turned into useless thatch grass. This made Serunting envious. No matter how hard he tried to move the tree, the mushroom overlooking Arya Tebing’s rice paddy remained gold.
        Eventually, a violent fight broke out between them. Knowing that Serunting was mightier than him, Arya Tebing gave up fighting. He persuaded his sister to find out Serunting’s waekness. She told Arya that Serunting concealed his soul in the highest thatch grass, which remained unshaken even mhen the wind blew on it.
         The next day, both young men resumed their fight. Having learned the secret, Arya Tebing pierced the thatch grass with his spear. Serunting fell and his leg was badly injured. Serunting knew that his wife had betrayed him so he left angrily. He haeded to Mount Siguntang and asked the god of Mahameru for mighty powers. The god told him to sit and meditate under a bamboo tree until his body was copletely covered by the bamboo laeves. Serunting did that for two years and succeeded in getting the mighty powers. Whatever words he spoke would turn into curse immadiately. From then on, people called him “Si Pahit Lidah” (the bitter tongue). Woe to him who dared oppose Serunting. Everybody feared him becouse everyone who opposed Serunting was turned to stone by his curse.
      Si Pahit Lidah, however, was not convinced yet of his power. To make sure that he really had magic power, he pronounced a curse on mellowy sugar-cane growing on the bank of lake Ranau.
      Be stone! He said, and look! Everything turned to dry uneatable stalks! Then being sure of his power he wanted to wander at first to his native village to take revenge on everybody who had
crossed his way. Everyone along he came across he turned to stone.
Everywhere along the Jambi River people can point out the spots where Si Pahit Lidah spoke his deadly curse. It stands to reason that he was the fear of everyone. There was not much needed to make him angry and the result were fatal for the person, for the victims turned to stone. A girl who, just for a joke, answered his question about the way to her village with ‘Under your feet, underwent the same fate. Little had she expected she had spoken her death sectence. People found her like a cold image with her gold chain on her neck, her rings on her finger and her bracelets around her wrists, but everything was stone.

1. What made Serunting became a mighty man?
2. What was the quarrel between Serunting and Arya Tebing about?
3. How did Arya Tebing defeat Serunting?
4. How did Serunting feel when he lost the fight?
5. When did Serunting get the power from the God of Mahameru?


1. Because he was endowed with supranatural powers

2. The cause of the quarrel was in fact jealousy about mushrooms growing on the bark of the fallen tree. Mushrooms facing Aria Tebing’s rice-feld became only useless plants.
3. Took up the fight egain and pierced the high grass plant with his spear.
4. He brooded on revenge
5. After being spat at and after having remained under a cluster of bamboo trees without taking either food or drink till the leaves of the bamboo had covered him.


The Legend of Malin Kundang
A long time ago, in a small village near the beach in West Sumatra lived a woman and her son named, Malin Kundang. Malin Kundang and his mother had to live hard, because his father had passed away when he was a baby. Malin Kundang was a healthy, dilligent, and strong boy.
He usually went to sea to catch fish. After getting fish he would bring it to his mother, or sell the caught fish in the town.

     One day, when Malin Kundang was sailing, he saw a merchant’s ship being raided by a band of pirates. With his bravery, Malin Kundang helped the merchant defeat the pirates. To thank him,t he merchant allowed Malin Kundang to sail with him. Malin Kundang agreed in the hope to get a better life. He left his mother alone.

      Many years later, Malin Kundang became wealthy. He had a huge ship and a lot of crews who worked loading trading goods. He was also married to a beautiful woman. When he was sailing on his trading journey, his ship landed on a coast near a small village. The local people recognized that it was Malin Kundang, a boy from the area. The news ran fast in the town; “Malin Kundang has become rich and now he is here.

      An old woman, who was Malin Kundang’s mother, ran to the beach to meet the new rich merchant. She wanted to hug him to release her sadness of being lonely after a long time. When his mother came near him, Malin Kundang who was with his beautiful wife and his ship crews denied that she was his mother She had pleaded Malin Kundang to look at her and admit that she was her mother. But he kept refusing to do it and yelling at her. At last Malin Kundang said to her
Enough, old woman! I have never had a mother like you, a dirty and ugly woman!” After that he ordered his crews to set sail to leave the old woman who was then full of sadness and anger.

      Finally feeling enraged, she cursed Malin Kundang that he would turn into a stone if he didn’t apologize to her. Malin Kundang just laughed and set sail. Suddenly a thunderstorm came in the quiet sea, wrecking his huge ship. He was thrown out to a small island. It was really too late for him to avoid his curse; he had turned into a stone.

Task 3

1. Why did Malin Kundang and his mother have to live hard?
Answer: Malin Kundang and his mother had to live hard because his father had passed away when he was a baby

2. What happened many years after Malin Kundang join the sail?
Answer: Many years later, Malin Kundang became wealthy He had a huge ship and a lot of crews who worked loading
trading goods. He was also married to a beautiful woman.

3. Why did an old woman feel happy to see a ship leaned on in the beach?
Answer: An old woman, who was Malin Kundang’s mother, ran to the beach to meet the new rich merchant. She wanted
to hug him to release her sadness of being lonely after a long time.

Task 4
Read the following sentences aloud and find a the indonesian meanings!

1. A band of pirates (Sekelompok perompak)

2. A beautiful woman (Seorang wanita cantik)

3. A huge ship (Sebuah kapal besar)

4. Long time ago (Dahulu kala)

5 small village(Sebuah desa kecil)

6 Athunderstorm(Sebuah badai petir)

7 An old woman(Seorang wanita tua)

8.Passed away(Meninggal dunia)

9. The beach(Pantai)

10. The new rich merchant (Saudagar kaya baru)



task 5

1 apologize=pologiz regret for something bad that one has done; acknowledge faults and

2. Beach= An area of sand sloping down to the water of a sea or lake.

3. Plead= Appeal or request earnestiy

4. Crew= The men and women who man a vehicle (ship, aircraft, etc.)

5. Merchant=  A business person engaged in retail trade.

6. Pirate= Someone who robs at sea or plunders the land from the sea without having a commission from any sovereign nation.

7. Sadness= Emotions experienced when not in a state of wellbeing.

8. Sailing= The work of a sailor.

9. Town = An urban area with a fixed boundary that is smaller than a city

10. Village= A community of people smaller than a town

Narrative Text : Definition, Purposes, Generic Structures, Language Features

Narrative adalah cerita khayal yang bertujuan menghibur pembaca. Tentu yang namanya cerita khayal itu ya belum tentu keberannya karena bisa jadi itu hanyalah imaginasi atau cerita fiktif yang dibuat oleh seseorang atau cerita buatan sekelompok masyarakat yang tida terbukti kebenarannya. Contoh narrative yaitu, Cinderella, Sangkurian, Snow White, Rabbit and Crocodile, dsb. Untuk penjelasan lebih rinci silahkan baca penjelasan berikut

Definition of Narrative Text
A narrative text is an imaginative story to entertain people (teks narasi adalah cerita imaginatif yang bertujuan menghibur orang).

Generic Structure of Narrative Text
# Orientation : It is about the opening paragraph where the characters of the story are introduced.(berisi pengenalan tokoh, tempat dan waktu terjadinya cerita (siapa atau apa, kapan dan dimana)
# Complication : Where the problems in the story developed. (Permasalahan muncul / mulai terjadi dan berkembang)
# Resolution : Where the problems in the story is solved. Masalah selesai, secara baik “happy ending” ataupun buruk “bad ending”.
# Coda / reorientation (optional) – lesson from the story

Kadangkala susunan (generic structure) narrative text bisa berisi: Orientation, Complication, Evaluation, Resolution dan Reorientation. Meski “Evaluation” dan “Reorientation” merupakan optional; bisa ditambahkan dan bisa tidak. Evaluation berisi penilaian/evaluasi terhadap jalannya cerita atau konflik. Sedangkan Reorientation berisi penyimpulan isi akhir cerita.

The Characteristics / Language Feature of Narrative Text:
– Past tense (killed, drunk, etc)
– Adverb of time (Once upun a time, one day, etc)
– Time conjunction (when, then, suddenly, etc)
– Specific character. The character of the story is specific, not general. (Cinderella, Snow White, Alibaba, etc)
– Action verbs. A verb that shows an action. (killed, dug, walked, etc)
– Direct speech. It is to make the story lively. (Snow White said,”My name is Snow White). The direct speech uses present tense.

Read text carefully and see the translation
Once upon time, there was a beautiful girl called Cinderella. She lived with her stepsisters and stepmother. They were very bossy. She had to do all the housework.
One day an invitation to the ball came to the family. Her stepsisters did not let her go, so Cinderella was very sad. The stepsisters went to the ball without her.
Fortunately, the good fairly came and helped her to get to the ball. At the ball, Cinderella danced with the prince. The prince felt in love with her then he married her. They live happily ever after.

(Dahulu kala, ada seorang gadis cantik bernama Cinderella. Dia tinggal bersama saudara tiri dan ibu tiri nya. Mereka sangat suka memerintah. Dia harus melakukan semua pekerjaan rumah tangga.
Suatu hari sebuah undangan untuk sebuah pesta datang ke keluarga itu. Saudara tiri nya tidak membiarkan dia pergi, sehingga Cinderella sangat sedih. Saudara tiri pergi ke pesta itu tanpa dia.
Untungnya, peri yang baik datang dan membantunya untuk sampai ke pesta itu. Pada pesta itu, Cinderella berdansa dengan pangeran. Pangeran jatuh cinta padanya kemudian ia menikahinya. Mereka hidup bahagia selamanya.)

Catatan :
Ball : diartikan pesta bukan bola.

Tugas :
1. Analisa generic structure dari text yang berjudul Cinderella diatas !
2. Apa moral value (nilai moral) yang dapat diambil dari text diatas?

Contoh Text Narative lagi
Snow White
Once upon a time there lived a little girl named Snow White. She lived with her Aunt and Uncle because her parents were dead. (Orientation)
One day she heard her Uncle and Aunt talking about leaving Snow White in the castle because they both wanted to go to America and they didn’t have enough money to take Snow White. (Major Complication)
Snow White did not want her Uncle and Aunt to do this so she decided it would be best if she ran away. The next morning she ran away from home when her Aunt and Uncle were having breakfast. She ran away into the woods. (Resolution)
She was very tired and hungry. (Complication)
Then she saw this little cottage. She knocked but no one answered so she went inside and fell asleep. (Resolution)
Meanwhile, the seven dwarfs were coming home from work. They went inside. There they found Snow White sleeping. Then Snow White woke up. She saw the dwarfs. The dwarfs said, what is your name? Snow White said, ‘My name is Snow White’. (Complication)
Doc said, ‘If you wish, you may live here with us”. Snow White said, ‘Oh could I? Thank you.’ Then Snow White told the dwarfs the whole story and Snow White and the 7 dwarfs lived happily ever after. (Major Resolution)

Task :
Translate the text above into Indonesian !

Itulah gambaran tentang Narrative text. Semoga bermanfaat