PENJELASAN DAN CONTOH KALIMAT INTEROGATIF DALAM BAHASA INGGRIS

Kalimat interogatif adalah kalimat yang didalamnya mengandung unsur pertanyaan, atau memang kalimat tersebut utuh merupakan pertanyaan. Kalimat ini berfungsi untuk bertanya atau meminta informasi kepada orang lain. Kalimat interogatif di bedakan menjadi dua yaitu kalimat interogatif yang membutuhkan jawaban yes/no (yes/no question), dan kalimat interogatif yang membutuhkan jawaban sebuah informasi (information question).
Dalam bahasa inggris, untuk membentuk kalimat interogatif ini ada aturan mainnya, jadi jika anda tidak mematuhi aturan mainnya maka pertanyaan yang anda ajukan akan tidak jelas, lawan bicarapun akan kesulitan untuk memahaminya. Kalimat interogatif ini sangat sering digunakan dalam komunikasi, sehingga materi ini sangat patut anda pelajari.

Mempelajari materi ini tidak terlalu sulit, hanya butuh sedikit usaha untuk dapat menguasainya. Walaupun beberapa orang mengatakan materi ini cukup rumit, namun tenang saja karena disini saya akan berusaha menjelaskan dengan cara yang sederhana dan mudah agar anda dapat lekas memahaminya. Oke mungkin tidak perlu panjang lebar, berikut penjelasan dan contoh kalimat interogatif dalam bahasa inggris.

YES dan NO QUESTION
Seperti yang sebelumnya telah saya singgung bahwa yang dimaksud dengan yes/no question adalah kalimat Tanya yang membutuhkan jawaban ya atau tidak (yes or no). Adapun aturan pembentukannya sebagai berikut:
Jika kalimat memiliki auxiliary verb, maka letakkan auxiliary verb tersebut di depan subjek.
Jika kalimat memiliki lebih dari satu auxiliary verb, maka letakkan auxiliary verb yang pertama di depan subjek.
Khusus untuk simple present tense dan simple past tense, maka tambahkan kata do atau does (untuk simple present tense) dan did (untuk simple past tense), kemudian letakkan do/does, dan did tersebut di depan subjek.
Untuk simple past tense, maka verb yang ada akan kembali ke verb1 (bare infinitive).

Contoh kalimat interogatif yes/no question:

Kalimat Positif
Dona is a good student.
Joe is buying a new book.
Handoko can speak English well.
Mella often play piano.
They write a letter.
He watched a news program yesterday.
My father had slept.
I was watching TV when my younger brother cried.
Dina had been living in Surabaya for five years before She moved to Jakarta.
My father will paint my bedroom.
My father will be teaching English here tomorrow at 08.00 a.m.
You will have finished my report before the meeting begins tomorrow.
You will have been teaching here for five years this year.
Kalimat Interogatif
Is Dona a good student?
Is Joe buying a new book?
Can Handoko speak English well?
Does Mella often play piano?
Do they write a letter?
Did he watch a news program yesterday?
Had my father slept?
Was I watching TV when my younger brother cried?
Had Dina been living in Surabaya for five years before She moved to Jakarta?
Will my father paint my bedroom?
Will my father be teaching English here tomorrow at 08.00 a.m?
Will you have finished my report before the meeting begins tomorrow?
Will you have been teaching here for five years this year?

thanks for now

 

 

next explanation question

Conditional sentences

PENJELASAN LENGKAP 3 TIPE CONDITIONAL SENTENCES (KALIMAT PENGANDAIAN)

Good morning class!!!

Welcome to english class, the place where we can start learning English. Sebelumnya kita telah membahas reported speech. Kali ini kita akan bahas mengenai conditional sentences.

“Apa itu conditional sentence?” “Apa saja tipe-tipe conditional sentence tersebut?” dan “Bagaimana contoh kalimatnya?”

Let’s find out the answers!

PENGERTIAN CONDITIONAL SENTENCE
Dalam Bahasa Indonesia, conditional sentence adalah kalimat pengandaian, bisa juga disebut dengan kalimat bersyarat, yang mungkin terjadi jika syarat terpenuhi.

Conditional sentence mempunyai dua bagian, yaitu if-clause dan main clause. Lihat kalimat berikut:

“If I study hard, I will pass the exam.”
(Jika saya belajar dengan giat, saya akan lulus ujian.)

If I study hard adalah if-clause, dan
I will pass the exam adalah main clause.
Secara umum, conditional sentence dibagi menjadi 3, yaitu tipe 1, 2, dan 3. Jangan khawatir kita akan bahas semuanya!

POLA/RUMUS CONDITIONAL SENTENCE
Berikut adalah pola/rumus conditional sentence tipe 1, 2, dan 3:

Type conditional sentence If-clause Main Clause

Type 1 If+present simple … will+infinitive
If I study hard, I will pass the exam.

Type 2 If+past simple … would+infinitive
If I studied hard, I would pass the exam.

Tipe 3 If+past perfect … would+have+past participle
If I had studied hard, I would have passed the exam.

Posisi if-clause dan main clause tersebut dapat dibalik dan tidak mengubah maknanya, contoh:

“If I study hard, I will pass the exam.”
“I will pass the exam if I study hard.”

PENJELASAN LENGKAP 3 TIPE CONDITIONAL SENTENCES
Berikut adalah penjelasan lengkap mengenai conditional sentence tipe 1, 2 dan 3.

CONDITIONAL SENTENCE TIPE 1
Conditional sentence tipe 1 digunakan untuk merujuk pada hal-hal yang mungkin terjadi di masa depan dimana situasinya real/nyata. Pada tipe ini, jika syarat terpenuhi, maka kemungkinan masih bisa terjadi.

Beberapa contoh conditional sentence tipe 1:

If-clause Main clause

If+present simple … will+infinitive
If it rains, I will stay at home.
If you invite me, I will come to your party,
If he gives her chocolate, she will be happy.
If it doesn’t rain, we will go to the library.

CONDITIONAL SENTENCE TIPE 2
Conditional sentence tipe 2 digunakan untuk: pertama, membicarakan hal-hal di masa depan yang mungkin tidak akan terjadi (seperti membayangkan mimpi misalnya). Contoh:

If I got scholarship, I would continue my study in London.
(but probably I will not get the scholarship.)

Seandainya saya mendapatkan beasiswa, saya akan melanjutkan kuliah di London.
(tapi mungkin saya tidak mendapatkan beasiswa itu.)

Kedua, untuk membicarakan hal-hal yang terjadi di masa sekarang, yang mustahil terjadi.

If I were you, I would stop smoking.
(but I cannot be you.) Mustahil bagi saya untuk menjadi kamu.

Berikut adalah contoh conditional sentence tipe 2:

If-clause Main clause

If+past simple … would+infinitive
If I had time, I would go with you.
If she met her mother, She would be happy.
If I were 25, I would get married.
If I were you, I would continue my study.

CONDITIONAL SENTENCE TIPE 3
Conditional sentence tipe 3 digunakan untuk menggambarkan situasi masa lalu yang tidak terjadi dan membayangkan hasil dari situasi tersebut. Tipe ini mengungkapkan kebalikan dari fakta yang dihadapi. Lihat contoh berikut:

If I had finished my study, I would have worked at big company.
(but I didn’t finish my study and I didn’t work at big company.)

Jika dulu saya menyelesaikan kuliah saya, saya akan bekerja di perusahaan besar.
Tapi faktanya saya tidak menyelesaikan kuliah saya, dan saya tidak bekerja di perusahaan besar.

Contoh lain dari conditional sentence tipe 3:

If-clause Main clause

If+past perfect … would+have+past participle
If I had locked the car, the thief would not have stolen my car.
If I had known about your problem, I would have offered help.
If my parents had been in Bandung, I would have visited them everyday.
If she hadn’t taken the course, she wouldn’t have gotten the scholarship.
(but she took the course and she got the scholarship.)

Jika dulu dia tidak mengambil kursus, dia tidak akan mendapatkan beasiswa itu. Tapi faktanya dia mengambil kursus itu dan mendapatkan beasiswa.

Perhatikan!!! Pada conditional sentence tipe 3, had bisa ditempatkan di awal dengan menghilangkan if, atau disebut sebagai bentuk inversi.

If I had locked the car, the thief wouldn’t have stolen my car.
Had I locked the car, the thief wouldn’t have stolen my car.

Contoh lain:

If my parents had been in Bandung, I would have visited them everyday.
Had my parents been in Bandung, I would have visited them everyday.

Okay, class. Bagaimana materinya? Nah, itu semua materi yang berkaitan dengan penjelasan lengkap 3 tipe conditional sentences.

Sekarang sudah tahu kan mengenai reported speech? Terus belajar dan berlatih ya. Semoga materi ini dapat menambah pengetahuan kita semua

wassalam
faesal jaha

surat perkenalan melalui e-mail

Hello, Alia! Let me introduce myself. My name is Hannah.
I know your name from my friend, Caroline. She told me that you
sent her an email telling her that you would like to have more pen pals
from the US. I’d really like to be your E-pal. You sound really cool!
I guess I’d better tell you something about myself first. I’m 16
years old and I attend Thomas Edison High School here in Minneapolis,
Minnesota, USA. I have two brothers and two half sisters and I’m the
middle child. My father died a few years ago so my mother runs the
house and the family business. My father was a barista.
I have lots of hobbies. I like music – mostly classical music and
folk music – but I don’t play an instrument. I like sports, especially
tennis and basketball. At school I’m in the basketball team and I spend
most of my extra-curricular time playing basket ball. I’m into animals
very much. My sister and I have three dogs, a rabbit and an iguana.
They need lots of attention as you can imagine. At school, I have many
Hmong friends who were not fully fluent in English. Their family moved
here from Asia. I enjoy talking to them about our different cultures.
My favorite subjects at school are art and geography. I think I’d like to
become a park ranger when I graduate, perhaps work for the National
Parks Service.
I haven’t got much interest in fashion, although we have ‘Mall
of America,’ the biggest mall in Minnesota. We can reach the mall very
easily. A commuter train runs every 15 minutes, buses also come from
different directions. We can also drive to the mall. It’s much faster than
going there by train or by bus.
I don’t like reading but I love drawing and painting.
How about you? Please drop me a line, Alia! Can’t wait to hear from you!
Hannah